There are lot of traditions and beliefs in the Hmong culture. Since there are so many kinds of Hmong, cultural things vary from group to group. But here are a list of the common traditions and beliefs of the Hmong culture:
- After or around 3 days when a newborn baby is born, it is required that there is a hu plig (calling the spirit) performed by a shaman to welcome the child as part of the family and to be officially recognize as a Hmong person.
- The first son must stay and take care of his parents. Putting parents in retirement homes is consider rude, disrespectful, and people will look down on the son.
- The Hmong people strongly believe in spirits, the other world, and reincarnation.
- Greetings, discussions, and conversations are usually first spoken through males.
- When Hmong girls are married, they go live with the husband and most time, he would still be living with his parents. It is acceptable for sons to live with their parents even after marriage.
- Shamans can perform vary of rituals and ceremonies. It extend to healing illnesses, communicating with ancestors and spirits.
- After giving birth, the mother must stay inside for a month and eat a diet of chicken, rice, lemon grass, and salt. She is not allowed to visit her own family besides her husband’s direct family. It is the belief that during this time, the mother is vulnerable (spiritually and physically) and requires 30 days of rest to restore her health.
- The Hmong language is mostly taught and passed down by speaking and storytelling. It is not required that Hmong people know to write.
- When a Hmong person have passed away, the body is kept in the house for 5 to 10 days. The family will announce the news to relatives and they will visit for grieve, hold discussions, and help of the funeral preparation.