Issues & Topics

All different topics & issues presentation & discussions, such as alcohol, tobacco, drugs, HIV-AIDS, teen pregnancy, sexual violence, involving information, awareness & prevention.

Human trafficking is a serious crime that is still happening today all around the world and in the U.S. It is the second biggest illegal trade in the black market after the drug trade. Victims of females and males can be found in this industry from as young as 12-14 years old. It is a form of human slavery that traumatizes and abuses people’s human rights.

To prevent more victims, we can try our best to recognize if someone is in a vulnerable position to be possibly become involved or lured into human trafficking. Note that different situations can lead people into this industry by:

  • Kidnapping
  • Homelessness
  • Friend/relative/anyone’s influences
  • Luring/trap by someone suggesting they’ll try to “help” out
  • Prostitution

There are many things we can do to help victims such as supporting them financially, emotionally, and through consultation. We want the victims to be able to support themselves and enjoy the joy of lives as everyone else. Human trafficking charities and programs really tries to help these women and men to have a better life. Here’s how you could help someone and/or get involved in this fight against human trafficking.

Source: http://www.findyouthinfo.gov/

Local Human Trafficking charities and organizations in Minnesota: http://mnhttf.org/human-trafficking/organizationsproviders/

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What causes obesity?

According to www.cdc.gov, obesity and/or overweight are labels for ranges of weight that are greater than what is generally considered healthy for a given height.

So what exactly can contribute to obesity within people? Here is the quick guide about what factors that may be lead to obesity.

1. Lifestyle

The way we live affects our body’s health and it can sometimes show through our weight, skin, eyes, hair, and more. If we tend to have little physical activities it will or may become a habit. Or it could be the choices of foods or our eating habit. It could cause a problem with our body because there is an unbalance between intake of calories and output of energy. So balance is the very key to keeping our body healthy so that our body doesn’t take in more calories than needed for our daily activities.

2. Genes

Genetics can be a reason why some people have more difficult time maintaining their weight or was born and struggled with being over-weighted. Having a family history in obesity can be concern and often times, it could lead to other health related problems; therefore, one should consult with their doctor for any weight concerns and questions.

3. Outside factors

Sometimes, there are things that we take in or do that may affect our body. For example, a taking a type of drug or medicine could increase or decrease your weight. If you are on a form of birth control or using a drug for something, it is required to consult with your doctor because no one knows entirely how it may affect your body.

4. Environment

Depending on where we live, our surrounding environment is one of the main factors that affects our physical activities. For example, one person may live in a neighborhood that does not have proper walking conditions and no walking or bicycling trails nearby. It could be a possibly reason why they would avoid going outside or not being as motivated to be more active in their environment. So our environment does an impact on how we chose to be more active and interact with out surroundings.

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The most common type of heart disease in the U.S. is coronary artery disease where cholesterol leaves deposit of plaque and it contributes to plaque build up over a period of time. Most people don’t know that they may have this disease unless there is a heart attack or possible early signs.

www.nhlbi.nih.gov

Being aware of the symptoms can give people more information on how to identify if they may have this heart disease:

  • Chest pain that could frequently occur in your upper body and back
  • Short breaths where your body is leaving lacking oxygen due to the slow or very little blood flow from your heart
  • Heart attack which means that your arteries are blocked and cause your body to be deprived of oxygen

Call for emergency help if you think that you may be experiencing some of these symptoms. So what can cause this heart disease or add more stress to the heart:

  • Lifestyle/diet is a huge factor that affects your body. If people are not active enough or/and have a bad diet, they are more likely to develop heart diseases.
  • Smoking/drugs that could another stress to the heart and affect other organs besides your heart like the lungs, stomach, liver, and more.
  • Diabetes or insulin resistance
  • High blood pressure that may be genetics, kidney problems, thyroid problems

Resource: www.mayoclinic.org

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There are many things we can do to make the world a better place. One of them is to prevent youths from drug use and substance abuse. It is a parent’s concern as well as society’s problem because it does affect everyone.

According to www.cdc.gov, in the U.S. 66.2% of teens has had at least one drink of alcohol in their life. It is not surprising because teens are influenced by peer pressures and social expectations. About 40.7% of teens had use marijuana once or more during their life. This statistic could be so high due to the fact that many people perceived marijuana as ’safe’ to use. Also, 22.1% of teens has been offered, sold, or given illegal drugs on school property. Drug and substance use for many people and teens are easy way out of situations like dealing with stress, making a reputation, developing their image, trying to find their place in life, etc.

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http://www.drugabuse.gov

Most of the time drugs, alcohol, tobacco, etc., are not sought out by teens, but they receive or are introduced to them through a friend or a family member. It is those connections that we can’t stop because it is up to the individuals to accept or decline the offer. It is not about whether what is safer to use and what are the ‘acceptable’ risks. What we want is to prevent any possible harm that come onto the user’s health and others as well.

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There’s a saying that “you are what you eat”. Often time, people don’t realize that part of being healthy is eating healthy and it is in our human nature to want to eat yummy delicious food. Unhealthy food that are fried, loaded with fat, sodium, and have too much sugar can cause you to feel sick inside and out. That is why it isn’t ideal to eat out often or eat junk food on a daily basis because it does affect your health. Also, eating a limited range of foods doesn’t give you proper nutrients, it can contribute to obesity, and body related diseases. So it is up to you to determine how your body can become more healthy or unhealthy. It doesn’t take much, but for you to realize what you’re putting in your body.

Tip 1: Cook your own food. Even if your food isn’t organic, you can wash it multiple times and cook it properly. Also, you know what you’re eating, how much you’re consuming, and what you put in it. So you would know what’s in it compared to eating something that was prepared unseen.

Tip 2: Balance your eating habits. It’s ideal to have at least 3 proper meals a day, but eating snacks in between breakfast, lunch, and dinner can actually benefit you. It’s because you won’t feel the need to eat more when you’re less hungry and your body will crave less. You may consume more calories here and there, but remember these are snacks, not a small meal. So just be careful of what you are snacking on.

Tip 3: Have varieties in your dishes. This means that keep your diet full of different fruits, veggies, carbs, proteins, and such. If you’re stuck on a certain carb like bread or rice, make sure to mix it up and add some color. You’ll enjoy eating something more with colors and textures.

Tip 4: Cut down on eating junk food. We all have some cravings at some point, but we can always try to decrease having them slowly. If you’re eating a donut today, maybe wait another 3 or 4 days to indulge again. It’s all about that balance you want to find and keep up.

Top 5: Drink water most of the time. If not, all the time. We all know pop, juices, mochas, frappes, and those other drinks have high levels of sugar. We can have them once in a while, but the body doesn’t need all that unhealthy sugar. Water can promote better circulation of fluids in the body as well as keep you hydrated throughout the day. Remember that our body does contain 50-60% of water. That’s a lot of water require to make your body function properly.

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According to www.yourdictionary.com/proverb, “the definition of a proverb is a short saying that is widely used to express an obvious truth”.

So why exactly are proverbs important to know? Well, they influence the way people interact with one another and the way we could perceive different situations. Often, they teach us important values in terms of respect, acceptance, love, responsibility, and more. Proverbs can teach us different aspects of many cultures and give us insights how people used to thought in the past. So here is a collection of proverbs from all kinds of cultures!

1. Korea : “A picture of a rice cake.”

In the Korean culture, rice cakes are loved by many people. If there’s only a picture of rice cakes, they can’t literally eat it. So the meaning behind this proverb is that you shouldn’t develop a desire that you cannot have.

2. China: “Do not do to others what you don’t want done to yourself.”

In Chinese cultures, there is an important emphasize of being a good nature person. That means that you wouldn’t want to do anything that would disrespect, harm, or possibly affect someone in a negative way because you wouldn’t want them to happen to you too. So treat people like how you want to be treated.

3. Vietnamese: “Ghosts have no pity on the sickly. Robbers have no pity for the poor.”

Life is about experiencing ups and down. It won’t be a smooth sail and expect to have good and bad situations because you can’t predict the uncertainly of what life may offer  you.

4. Thai: “As diligent as an ant.”

Thai people can see how little ants are and recognize that they work very hard. That is why even if it is hard work, be determined to carry out your responsibility.

5. Japan: “If you do not enter the tiger’s cave, you will not catch its cub.”

You can’ expect life to give you everything. Sometimes, it is up to you to take the initial step. So if you don’t risk trying, you will not get what you want.

6. Filipino: “A monkey dressed up is still a monkey.”

You can change your outer appearances and what you wear, but you are still who you are. It takes more than that to change yourself.

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Teen_Pregnancy_thoughtsBy Patricia Thao

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Smoking is a very bad habit to teens and adults. Young people who smokes is at least at the age of 15 yrs. old & up. Why young people do smoke is because of stress from problems round them, peered pressured from peers, education, and in different perspective some people thinks it’s “cool.” Most young people who find it hard to quit smoking is because of so much nicotine that they get from regular use of smoking causing addictions. In some use and people who I know that smokes has affected me in ways I don’t want to see myself in the next couple of years. I don’t want close family relatives to pass away from addictions that I could stop them from. So every time when I attend to family gatherings, I’ll target the people who smokes and put some good sense into them. I’m not even kidding. I even convinced my boyfriend to stop smoking and it’s been a year since he had one. It’s bad to all people who smoke and people who are around them. It could give you (second-hand smoke) lung cancer even if you never smoked a cigarette in your life. So that’s why I choose to be tobacco free.

Smoking ad’s

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anti_smoking_ad_children

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Summer is quickly approaching and a lot of people want to be outside in the sun. It is a great change after such a long and harsh winter. But like winter, there are some things that you should have for summer. So here’s a list of the top five summer necessities:

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http://www.drugstore.com/

1.  Sunscreen is a must. Where ever you go, apply products with sunscreen (even better if waterproof on the face) to your face and body. Minnesota’s summer can be very hot and sunny so it’s best for you to not let your skin get fried (like bacon) in the sun. Getting tan and getting burn is two different thing. Remember to reapply sunscreen every 2 hours or less because it doesn’t last forever regardless it being advertised as “sweat-proof”!

2. Wear protecting accessories and clothes such as sunglasses, hats, and cover ups, etc. You don’t want to develop any skin cancer so make sure to cover up if you are going to be outside.

3. Have aloe products (lotion, gel, etc.) and rub them on your skin after a long day in the sun. Aloe is moisturizing and have the vitamins that nurtures, heals, and soothe your skin.

aloe

http://www.walgreens.com

4. Get your mosquito/ticks/bug spray! The return of spring and summer marks the return of bugs and insects. Be prepared for vicious bites and scratchy skin, especially if you’re going camping in the woods.

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http://www.walmart.com/

5. A time for changing your sneakers to sandals. There are variety of sandals out there that fits everyone. So let your feet breath in the summer.

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Tornado is a common natural disaster that occasionally occurs in Minnesota. That is reason why most houses have a basement or there are nearby underground shelters. Sometimes people are not prepared/aware of tornadoes. So here are some tips of what you can do in the presence of a tornado.

severesiren

http://www.cfdmi76.org/weather.html

  • Always be on the look out for tornado warnings. They are usually loud and the sound can last very short or long depending on how serious the signs are. Tornado sirens usually have one or more sirens to signal across many directions.
  • Avoid being/hiding near glass in terms of windows, furniture, objects, etc. If the tornado is nearby and have a strong force, it could possibly break the glass near your area and could heavily hurt/damage people/things.

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http://www.accuweather.com

  • Find shelter as soon as possible. Hide in the lowest part of your home or an underground shelter so that you can avoid getting hurt by any flying object and avoid getting caught up in the tornado.
  • Avoid driving or being in a vehicle. It’s best not to drive off in vehicle because tornadoes are sometimes unpredictable as they may turn in multiple/different directions. Try to find a ditch or a low ground area where you lay flat and cover your head with your hands.
  • Do not take elevators. It is better to take stairs so that you can ensure your safety.
  • Have a emergency kit with you. Be prepared if you or somebody got hurt.
  • Hold onto your communication devices. Things like your cellphones/walkie-talkie, etc., will help you get in touch with other people after the tornado.

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