Lifestyle PSAs

PSAs primarily concerned with lifestyle topics.

hp b

www.hepaticcarcinoma.com

Hepatitis B is the irritation and swelling of the liver due to an infection of hepatitis B virus (HBV). The infection is spreadable. It can spread though having direct contact with blood, sexual contact with in infected person, tattoo with unclean needles or instrument, shared needles during drug use and sharing personal items with someone who has the infection. Another thing is that the hepatitis B virus can be passed to a baby during childbirth if the mother is infected. It can pass down to the child through birth.

Risk factors that will increase someone with the infection is by being infected with HIV, having multiple sex partner or having parents who were born in regions with high infection rates. The damage from the virus happens because of the way the body responds to the infection. Once your body’s immune system senses the infection, it’ll send out special cell to fight if off the infection. With the cell trying to fight off the infection, it may lead to liver swelling.

There isn’t a symptom at first when you become infected with the virus, you may have no symptom. You may feel sick for a days or weeks. Along the way, you may become ill, which is called the fulminant hepatitis. If your body is strong enough to fight the infection, any sign of the infection should go away over a period of weeks or months. Everyone is different, not everyone’s bodies have the strength to fight and get rid of the infection completely, which is called the chronic hepatitis B. Many people who have chronic hepatitis B without any symptoms, they might not look sick at all. Because of that, they might not even know that they are infected. With that being said, they can still spread the virus to other people. Another thing is that the symptoms may not appear up to six months after the tie of infection. There are some early symptoms such as: appetite loss, fever, nausea and vomiting. Another thing is that since there may not be any symptoms to be notice, the liver is going through damage without knowing it.

There are some tests that are done to identify and monitor liver damage from hepatitis B. You should be careful monitoring the liver and other body functions with blood test. What you should do is get some rest, drink a lot of fluids and eat healthy foods. In some cases where there is liver failure, you may need a liver transplant, which will cure in some cases of liver failure. Some may be treated with medications from prescription.

Articles by Mai Thao/Youth Media Force

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artery_wall
heart_attack

www.medicinenet.com

Heart disease plays a part of the heart and the arteries/veins. It is also known has cardiovascular disease. The coronary arteries carry blood and oxygen to your heart.  It is caused by the buildup of plaque in the arteries to your heart. Another way to call it is, hardening of the arteries. Because of the buildup of plaque the arteries gets narrow and it will cause the process of transfer blood to the heart to slow down or it can stop.

There are some risk factors that can’t be avoided due to gene or aging.  The risk of heart disease increases while you age, but this process starts with fat deposits in the arteries and may begin at a young age. Men have higher risks of getting heart disease than women who are still getting their menstrual period, but after menopause the risk for women is closer to the risk for men. If your parents or other close relatives had the disease, you are at higher chance to get it.  Another hand, there are many other risk factors that you have control over, which you can change.

Stop the habit of smoking and the use of tobacco because the more you smoke, the higher risk you put yourself to hardening your arteries. Be active and exercise more, at least 30 minutes a day on a 5 days week. With exercising make sure to maintain a healthy weight. The way you can figure out what weight is healthy for you are by calculating your height and weight to estimate how much body fat you have. (BMI) If you’re a drinker, you probably want to limit yourself to no more than 1 drink per day for women and no more than 2 drinks per day for men.

Other things that increase the risk for heart disease is: diabetes cholesterol and being overweight. Heart disease is a major problem of diabetes and the leading cause of early death among people with diabetes. About 65 percent of people with diabetes die from heart disease. When there is too much cholesterol in your blood, it builds up in walls of your arteries. Overweight is considered a major risk factor for both heart disease and heart attack. By being 20 percent overweight increases your risk for developing heart disease.  Inactive individual is more likely to become diabetic, have blood pressure and or high cholesterol. With all three of these conditions combine it increase the chance of getting heart disease.

Symptoms may be noticeable, but there are times that you can have the disease without any sign of symptom. The most common symptom is feeling chest pain. The cause of the pain is when the heart is not getting enough blood or oxygen. The pain may feel heavy or like someone is squeezing your heart. The pain that you feel is under your breastbone, neck, arms and stomach or upper back. Another sign that you will get is shortness of breath and tiredness with activity. If you get short of breathes while climbing couple steps or in an activity, it means that you need to be aware of what you’re eating in order to gain the energy for your body to keep up with everyday life activities or routines.

Nutrition is important to your health and it helps you control some of the risk factors. Foods that consider as unhealthy food are: Fried chicken, pizza, burgers, French fries, deep fried, fried rice, backed goods and etc. Eating too much red meat and adding a lot of salt to your product isn’t healthy. Fruits, vegetables and whole gains are considering healthy food. Have more low fat dairy products and proteins. An example is, instead of milk get skim/Low fat milk. Instead of eating so much red meat, take fish, eggs/dairy, chicken and beans.

This is a preventable and treatable disease through medication and changing life styles. Each individual has his or her own way of how to recover and maintain from the disease.

Fast food is considered as unhealthy food, whish is not good for your body because the food there contains many salt and oil. Too many fat will cause problems in the body itself. Eat more greens and homemade food.

To all the youth out there, protect yourself by watching what you’re eating. Eat more vegetables and less French fries. Instead of drinking a can of soda, drink green tea. While watching television, eat fruits and vegetable rather than eating potato chips and popcorns. Try to eliminate burger, pizza and fried chicken. Switch it to rice, fish and veggie. Be active by playing sport, doing martial arts and Tai chi. Meditate to relax the mind and body, so that it gives the relaxation to the blood flow. Remember to stay healthy by staying active and choosing the right food for you to maintain a good BMI for your body.

Articles by Mai Thao/Youth Media Force

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HIV/AIDS:
1. HIV destroys certain types of white blood cells to weaken the body.
2. When people first get infected, symptom of fever, rashes, swollenness, and fatigue may last a few days to several weeks.
3. Many people may remain well for years and half may develop AIDS.
4. HIV can be transmit through sexual contact, injection (sharing needles), and from mother to child.
5. HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) is caused by a virus called retrovirus, which is the reverse process of copying DNA.
6. HIV can caused memory loss, shortage of breathe, swelling, and decrease of sex hormones.
7. HIV occurs mostly by unprotected sex, to prevent it use condoms. Other ways to prevent HIV is access to clean needles.
8. A drug that is used to slow the process of HIV spreading is called Antiretroviral Drug.
9. Most people who have AIDS seem to feel a rapid decline in their quality of life.
10. In 2004 an estimated of 4,883 young people are diagnose with HIV or AIDS.
11. Over the past 27 years, 25 million people died from HIV/AIDS worldwide.
HIV/AIDS is similar to other illness like cancer because it can affect young people and adults. It’s also a serious issue that lives among us. People of all diverse races are affected by HIV even though some may not be educated or have concerns about it. It may be targeting youth and they may not even know it. It can be life threatening.

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HIV/AIDS
- Past 27 years- nearly 25million people have died from AIDS.
- HIV/AIDS debilitating illness and premature death in people during their prime year of life.
- In 2008, about 2 million people died of AIDS, 33.4 million were living with HIV and 2.7 million people were newly infected with the virus.
- More than 90% of people with HIV are living in the developing world.
- Women and girls are now comprised 50% of those aged 15 and older living with HIV.
- 2008, 430,000 children under age 15 were infected with HIV and 270,000 died of AIDS.
- Everyday more than 7,400 men, women and children are infected with HIV.
- Estimated that 1 in 4 of those currently living with HIV in U.S is not aware that they are infected.
- Groups at highest risk-injecting drugs users, men who have sex with men, and commercial sex workers and their regular sex partners.
- 2010 HIV/AIDS- 56,000 new infections that are reported every year are caused by 20% of infected person that are unaware of their HIV status.

HIV/AIDS is a very dangerous virus to be infected with. More people are being infected every day; it is spread all over the world. I believed that getting check is the best way to save yourself and everybody around you. It can cause death to you and people you love.

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HIV, AIDS song vang

- HIV can be transmitted by body fluid that contain virus or infected cells. Such as blood transmission, semen, vaginal secretion and breast milk.
- HIV can’t be transmitted by touching, holding, or dry kissing.
- Once HIV is inside a body it will attach to several types of white blood cell, but the most important are the helper T lymphocytes.
- When initially infected by HIV many people have no noticeable symptom in the first few weeks.
- Within a few weeks, fever, rashes, swollen lymph nodes, fatigue and variety of less common symptom.
- Before diagnosis doctor ask about risk factor for HIV infection, and then they do a physical examination for any information.
- It’s always good or important for early diagnosis because it may help infected people live longer and healthier.
- To prevent from having HIV is by not having sexually contact or if have to then use a condom, and use clean needle
- HIV is a virus that cannot yet be cure but their can still be treated.
- HIV can be treated by taking several classes of drugs.

When I first heard about HIV and AIDS I wasn’t that concern or not afraid of it. But when I started learning about HIV and AIDS and what it do to the host, I felt fear and pressure that I might have it if I don’t be concern of it. So then I started going deeper into what else can HIV do and be prepare for it, also is there any care or treatment to it. So that one day I might be safe or never be infected by this virus called HIV and AIDS.

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HIV/AIDS
1. HIV destroys white blood cell to weaken the body
2. Symptoms are fever and rashes when you first get HIV
3. HIV becomes AIDS after 10years or within 10years
4. Medicine cannot kill HIV but slow it down
5. HIV-1 is worldwide and HIV-2 is mostly in West Africa
6. HIV can cause memory loss to people
7. People who have AIDS seem to feel normal
8. In 2004 about 4,888 young people were diagnosed with HIV/AIDS
9. HIV killed more than 3,000,000 people worldwide
10. HIV/AIDS came from monkeys then went to humans.

HIV/AIDS is a disease that nobody wants to have and 1 in 5 people in the US that has HIV/AIDS do not know they have it. In 1999 people from age 15 to 24 became infected with HIV/AIDS everyday that’s about five people every minute. About 47% of the 34.3 million adults living with HIV/AIDS worldwide are women.

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