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Teen Pregnancy Factsheet

TBRates-Hisp2000-2011http://www.cdc.gov/TeenPregnancy/LongDescriptors.htm

Statistics

  • According to the CDC, 329,797 babies were born to women aged 15-19 in 2011 in the United States.
  • However, 2011 was also the year of lowest recorded birthrate in 70 years of tracking adolescent childbirth.
  • But the U.S. rate of adolescent pregnancy is still the highest amongst the most developed countries in the world, and is twice as high as the rates in Australia and Canada.
  • Approximately 82% of teen pregnancies are unintended, and they accounted for 1/5th of all accidental pregnancies in the U.S. in 2006, according to Planned Parenthood.
  • There are also many racial disparities in teen pregnancy, seen on the right (from the CDC).
  • Adolescent mothers are: more likely to have lower family incomes, more likely to be poor and receive public assistance, likely to be less educated, less likely to get married.

Preventing Pregnancy

  • Abstinence is the only 100% effective way to prevent sexually transmitted diseases and risk of pregnancy.
  • However, some adolescents may choose to engage in intercourse, which is totally fine!
  • There are several ways to protect yourself, but they have varying degrees of successful prevention.
  • These are only a few ways to reduce the risk of pregnancy. There are several other options not shown to the left, and it’s very important to find out which one is the best option for you. Whether it fits into your lifestyle, its convenience, its effectiveness, its cost and whether it is a safe option for you are crucial considerations.

pregnancy protection

In the Event of Pregnancy

  • Solutions to the pregnancy that teens commonly choose are adoption, abortion, or keeping the baby. It is crucial to decide which one is the best option for you and your family, should you decide to involve them.
  • Abortion is an option and does not make you any less moral should you choose to take it.
  • If you choose to keep the baby, you do not have to give up on a college education. You might have family willing to take the baby in, but there are options to get into college even if you choose to care for it yourself.
  • Teen mothers are often shamed for having engaged in sexual intercourse, however it is not your fault and it is nothing to be ashamed of. It’s important to build a supportive network of people who understand this.
  • How you handle the pregnancy is your choice, and you get the final say.

Things to Remember

  • Be aware of the risks of intercourse and take appropriate steps to keep yourself and your partner healthy.
  • Practice safe and consensual sex! Only engage in it when you and your partner feel emotionally prepared.

Articles by Mai Thao/Youth Media Force

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What exactly is teen pregnancy?

Teen pregnancy is considered to be pregnant girls at the age of 15-19. Sometimes, the age ratio could be lower.

Why is teen pregnancy a concern in the U.S.?

Our society has grown to the point where people are acknowledging that teen pregnancy does and is still occurring. That is the reason why the government, schools, and programs offer different contraceptive options, pregnancy information, and health services. But what determines the teen pregnancy rate is the teenagers themselves. Despite that our society promotes teen pregnancy in a negative point of view, there are a lot of media and social promotions of sexual activity. Therefore, as curious as teenagers are about their body and sexuality, it is really up to that individual to stay protected or not.

Also, it’s not just teen pregnancy that people are trying to prevent. But with teenager’s sexual activities, things like STDs and transferable diseases are a concern too.

Take in mind that teen pregnancy in the U.S. has decreased over the years.

“In 2011, a total of 329,797  babies were born to women aged 15–19 years, for a live birth rate of 31.3 per 1,000 women in this age group.1 This is a record low for U.S. teens in this age group, and a drop of 8% from 2010. Birth rates fell 11% for women aged 15–17 years, and 7% for women aged 18–19 years. While reasons for the declines are not clear, teens seem to be less sexually active, and more of those who are sexually active seem to be using birth control than in previous years.”

-http://www.cdc.gov/teenpregnancy/

What are the choices pregnant teens can choose with the available choices?

Everyone has their own opinion about what pregnant teenagers should do with their unborn baby. There are options out there if they decide to keep their baby or not. Despite the choice the mother makes, there are positive and negative consequences on both sides.

1. Born and raise the child.

Remember that if you are a pregnant teen and decide to give birth, you are committed to giving your child support and care.

2. Abortion

If you decide to abort your baby, try to do it early in the pregnancy because there will be less health risks. There are many abortion clinics that will help you with consultation and the process.

3. Adoption

This means that you are willingly putting your child up for adoption after you give birth to your baby.

What should pregnant teens talk about with their family and partner?

Pregnant teens should talk to their family and partner. Regardless of what people might say, it’s wise to know who can support your choices.

With pregnant teenagers’ partner, the two individual should discuss about what kind of life they both want. There might be some difference in thoughts, but the couple should come to a conclusion. Whether the pregnant teenager’s partner choose to leave or stay, there are people and programs that will help to make the right choice.

With families, pregnant teens should explain the “how, what, why, how” situation to the parent’s firsthand. Family is there to support and love. Being afraid is normal, but they’ll know eventually.

How to stay protected from teen pregnancy?

1. Abstinence – Just don’t have sex at all.

2. Use protection (if you decide to be sexual active)!!! – It can be condoms, pill, and IUDs, etc. Being and staying protected will reduce pregnancy by 96%-99%. You can go to school clinics, drug stores, health clinics, and websites for contraceptive options.

Make sure not to put yourself at risk. Stay protected.

Image Source:

1. http://worldpulse.com/node/18178

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HIV/AIDS:
1. HIV destroys certain types of white blood cells to weaken the body.
2. When people first get infected, symptom of fever, rashes, swollenness, and fatigue may last a few days to several weeks.
3. Many people may remain well for years and half may develop AIDS.
4. HIV can be transmit through sexual contact, injection (sharing needles), and from mother to child.
5. HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) is caused by a virus called retrovirus, which is the reverse process of copying DNA.
6. HIV can caused memory loss, shortage of breathe, swelling, and decrease of sex hormones.
7. HIV occurs mostly by unprotected sex, to prevent it use condoms. Other ways to prevent HIV is access to clean needles.
8. A drug that is used to slow the process of HIV spreading is called Antiretroviral Drug.
9. Most people who have AIDS seem to feel a rapid decline in their quality of life.
10. In 2004 an estimated of 4,883 young people are diagnose with HIV or AIDS.
11. Over the past 27 years, 25 million people died from HIV/AIDS worldwide.
HIV/AIDS is similar to other illness like cancer because it can affect young people and adults. It’s also a serious issue that lives among us. People of all diverse races are affected by HIV even though some may not be educated or have concerns about it. It may be targeting youth and they may not even know it. It can be life threatening.

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HIV/AIDS
- Past 27 years- nearly 25million people have died from AIDS.
- HIV/AIDS debilitating illness and premature death in people during their prime year of life.
- In 2008, about 2 million people died of AIDS, 33.4 million were living with HIV and 2.7 million people were newly infected with the virus.
- More than 90% of people with HIV are living in the developing world.
- Women and girls are now comprised 50% of those aged 15 and older living with HIV.
- 2008, 430,000 children under age 15 were infected with HIV and 270,000 died of AIDS.
- Everyday more than 7,400 men, women and children are infected with HIV.
- Estimated that 1 in 4 of those currently living with HIV in U.S is not aware that they are infected.
- Groups at highest risk-injecting drugs users, men who have sex with men, and commercial sex workers and their regular sex partners.
- 2010 HIV/AIDS- 56,000 new infections that are reported every year are caused by 20% of infected person that are unaware of their HIV status.

HIV/AIDS is a very dangerous virus to be infected with. More people are being infected every day; it is spread all over the world. I believed that getting check is the best way to save yourself and everybody around you. It can cause death to you and people you love.

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HIV, AIDS song vang

- HIV can be transmitted by body fluid that contain virus or infected cells. Such as blood transmission, semen, vaginal secretion and breast milk.
- HIV can’t be transmitted by touching, holding, or dry kissing.
- Once HIV is inside a body it will attach to several types of white blood cell, but the most important are the helper T lymphocytes.
- When initially infected by HIV many people have no noticeable symptom in the first few weeks.
- Within a few weeks, fever, rashes, swollen lymph nodes, fatigue and variety of less common symptom.
- Before diagnosis doctor ask about risk factor for HIV infection, and then they do a physical examination for any information.
- It’s always good or important for early diagnosis because it may help infected people live longer and healthier.
- To prevent from having HIV is by not having sexually contact or if have to then use a condom, and use clean needle
- HIV is a virus that cannot yet be cure but their can still be treated.
- HIV can be treated by taking several classes of drugs.

When I first heard about HIV and AIDS I wasn’t that concern or not afraid of it. But when I started learning about HIV and AIDS and what it do to the host, I felt fear and pressure that I might have it if I don’t be concern of it. So then I started going deeper into what else can HIV do and be prepare for it, also is there any care or treatment to it. So that one day I might be safe or never be infected by this virus called HIV and AIDS.

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HIV/AIDS
1. HIV destroys white blood cell to weaken the body
2. Symptoms are fever and rashes when you first get HIV
3. HIV becomes AIDS after 10years or within 10years
4. Medicine cannot kill HIV but slow it down
5. HIV-1 is worldwide and HIV-2 is mostly in West Africa
6. HIV can cause memory loss to people
7. People who have AIDS seem to feel normal
8. In 2004 about 4,888 young people were diagnosed with HIV/AIDS
9. HIV killed more than 3,000,000 people worldwide
10. HIV/AIDS came from monkeys then went to humans.

HIV/AIDS is a disease that nobody wants to have and 1 in 5 people in the US that has HIV/AIDS do not know they have it. In 1999 people from age 15 to 24 became infected with HIV/AIDS everyday that’s about five people every minute. About 47% of the 34.3 million adults living with HIV/AIDS worldwide are women.

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